Middlesex NJ Family Dentist Discusses the Difference Between Gingivitis & Periodontal Disease

 

Some people may use “gingivitis” and “periodontal disease” interchangeably, but they are different in many ways. Although they have similarities, their treatment and symptoms are somewhat different.

 

1.      Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum inflammation. It is due to the excessive plaque on the teeth or bacterial infection. It results to the inflammation and bleeding of the gums when brushing your teeth. Some people are not aware that they have this disease since the symptoms are not that painful. The treatment needed for gingivitis is to merely change the oral routine (brushing your teeth at least twice a day) and to have regular checkups with your dentist.

 

2.      Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a serious gum disease. When gingivitis is untreated, it can result to periodontal disease, which is a much more serious dental disease. Periodontal disease is when the inner layer of your gum and bone separates from your teeth and then form some sort of pockets. These pockets collect debris and are easily exposed to infections. When it is left untreated, the pockets will deepen and more damage will occur to your gums. When this happens, the teeth will have lesser gums to hold them in place which will result to the loosening of the tooth and tooth loss. Some periodontal disease cases require periodontal surgery when the gum is too damaged.

 

The main difference between the two of them is that Gingivitis is reversible. It can be treated easily and the gums can be as healthy as they can be after the treatment. Periodontal disease cannot be reversed since it involves damage to the bones which cannot be recovered. So, it is recommended to treat gingivitis as early as one can to prevent it from progressing to a periodontal disease. Monthly visits to the dentist also help.

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